Social Cultural Essay Socio-cultural issues are the values or a lifestyle that define a certain group of people or society. These values may include beauty, language, politics, technology, and many others. One of the main important issues for any society is healthcare. It is evident that healthcare has evolved significantly over the years. One cannot compare the level of its development in the 19th century and the current one because there is a great difference between them. In the Industrial Revolution era, which was between 1600 and 1800, industrialization began in many countries. In the process of industrial growth, the healthcare sector also experienced development. During the early years of this era, healthcare was not viewed to be something serious because there were not many diseases, which meant that it was difficult to find a sick person. As the years progressed and technology advanced, which caused the increase of population, various infections and diseases started causing serious problems. Thus, the people of that era began viewing healthcare as something that required attention. During the Industrial Revolution era, people were divided into two groups. Thus, the rich lived in nice and safe places, while the poor, who were workers mostly, lived in poor housing areas that were overpopulated and that had poor ventilations. Such conditions caused outbreaks of diseases and due to poor facilities in the healthcare, very many poor people died without receiving medical care. These bad conditions also meant that peoples diet was rather poor, which resulted to malnutrition. The early years of this era were also characterized by the low development in the healthcare sector, but later, some progress was made. At that time, some assumptions were quite common to people. One of them was that sickness was an unpredictable act of God. This assumption led to many deaths because traditional doctors had failed to attend to the patient as they awaited healing from God. Another assumption was that only the poor people who got sick were referred to as patients, and they were never attended to by doctors. The rich people had great influence, so they were never referred to as patients since they had their personal doctors. Another major assumption was that healthcare was event-driven where people claimed that they were to take healthcare more seriously in the case of a problem. Before the Industrial Revolution, no advancements in the healthcare sector were observed. However, some years after the beginning of this period of human development, people changes their attitudes towards healthcare. Thus, there was a change in authorities attitude as they began having genuinely open dialogue on the matter of healthcare. They held meetings and discussions to find a proper channel to prevent people from dying. Another change of behavior was that people started to listen to their leaders and stopped following their cultures. This was the breakthrough in the development of healthcare. In the times of the Industrial Revolution, many negative implications resulted from the assumptions made. First, many people died because of the false assumption that sickness was an unpredictable act of God. Consequently, people simply did not care for their sick friends and relatives. Some people recovered from diseases, but they often had some life-long effects that affected their lives permanently. It also became evident that any person could become sick regardless of their economic status. The second assumption meant that only the poor people died as they could not get proper medical help, while the rich lived long (Hawken et al.). At that time, there was no plan in the healthcare sector. Thus, in the case of a life threatening situation or an accident, nothing would have been done because there was no available money or facilities to tackle the problem. In todays era, healthcare has developed greatly in almost all countries. This means that many hospitals have been built and well equipped. Research is also made to find treatment for non-curable diseases. It is evident that modern leaders are more active if compared to the leaders in the Industrial Revolution era in regards to the healthcare sector. Thus, the modern era has much more knowledge to tackle healthcare issues than in the 19th century.

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